Washington DC History Resources

Matthew B. Gilmore

District’s labor market and workforce are intertwined with Maryland and Virginia

District, Measured

In 2014, nearly 774,000 workers reported working in the District of Columbia and they collectively earned $63.5 billion in wages and salaries. Of these workers, only 251,000 or 32 percent were District residents. The remainder were commuters from Virginia or Maryland, accounting for 68 percent of people employed in our city. The District’s share in total wages earned was even lower: District residents accounted for $18 billion of salaries and wages earned in the District. This is about 28 percent of all wages and salaries earned in the city.

Wage and Salary.jpg

In addition 89,000 District residents reverse-commuted to Virginia and Maryland, mostly working for private entities (76 percent including non-profits) and the federal government. This group collectively earned $6 billion in wages, compared to the $45 billion Maryland and Virginia commuters earned in the District.

Reverse commuters.jpg

The data reveal other trends. District residents who work in the District hold a disproportionate share of…

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