Washington DC History Resources

Matthew B. Gilmore

Map of Location of Garfield Shooting

Map of Location of President Garfield Shooting

Map indicating location of shooting of President Garfield

Map indicating location of shooting of President James A. Garfield (click to enlarge) showing current buildings and roads superimposed over an 1880s map.

garfieldassassinationspotzoom

The location of Garfield’s shooting is currently unmarked and is north of the National Gallery of Art in the middle of the roadway of Constitution Avenue (as indicated – see map above). The station was demolished in 1907. B Street was later enlarged and transformed into Constitution Avenue.

Murder of a President: Story of the Assassination of James A. Garfield



 

July 2, 1881, 9:20am
At 9:20 A.M. Charles Guiteau shoots President Garfield in the back at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. Garfield, walking into the station with Secretary of State James Blaine and with his sons Jim and Harry following behind, had been on his way to visit his alma mater, Williams College in Massachusetts.

Guiteau is captured as he attempts to flee the train station and asks to be taken to jail. As Guiteau is ushered outside, he says, “I did it. I will go to jail for it. I am a Stalwart and Arthur will be President.” A porter in the station later recalls, “I truly believe that if they hadn’t been so many officers present, the man [Guiteau] would have been strung up then and there.”

Within an hour, ten doctors arrive at the station to examine the president, including Charles Purvis, who would become the first black doctor to treat a president of the United States. Doctors probe the wound with unwashed hands trying to determine the location of the bullet. Garfield is conscious and dictates a telegraph to be sent to Lucretia, who is still resting on the Jersey shore.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/garfield/

 

Baltimore and Potomac Rail Station Washington DC

Baltimore and Potomac Rail Station Washington DC

Exterior of old Pennsylvania Station, 6th & B Streets, N.W., Washington, D.C., as it appeared in the 1880’s showing street traffic in front and insert of interior. LC-USZ62-101232

Baltimore and Potomac railroad station, photograph, Gallery Archives, National Gallery of Art

The Baltimore and Potomac railroad station, photograph, Gallery Archives, National Gallery of Art

The Baltimore and Potomac railroad station,
photograph, Gallery Archives, National Gallery of Art

see also: http://civilwarwashingtondc1861-1865.blogspot.com/2012/07/unmarked-site-of-july-2-1881.html

03743v

Enter a caption

Pres. James Garfield,

Library of Congress Call Number: LC-BH826- 1484 A

Advertisements

4 comments on “Map of Location of Garfield Shooting

  1. This is great information with wonderful graphics. However, on the map of the shooting location, I can’t find the name/number of the north-south street directly east of the assassination site. I am assuming it is 6th Street. The name of the next north-south street further east appears to be 4½ Street.

    • dchistorystuff
      February 8, 2016

      The street in question is 6th Street NW–the label is obscured right under the National Gallery footprint.

  2. Pingback: Ignorance is Bliss | Random Thoughts: Change, Primary Sources & Other Stuff

  3. Mary Alice Anderson
    February 9, 2016

    I am thrilled to learn about your web site. Thank you!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: