Washington DC History Resources

Matthew B. Gilmore

Bibliography – Bonus Army

Bonus Army AKA “Bonus Expeditionary Force”

Washington DC, 1932



  • Primary Sources
  • FBI files on Bonus Marchers
  • Books
  • Paper
  • Collections
  • Archival Materials
  • Films
  • Library of Congress Images
  • Articles
  • Images from Washingtoniana Scrapbook

Primary Sources
B.E.F. News

July 1932

(July 2,9,16,23,30)

August 1932

(August 6,27)

Washingtoniana Division

DC Public Library

Bonus Expeditionary Force

2 scrapbooks,

Washingtoniana Division

DC Public Library


Camp Marks (image from Scrapbook)

FBI files on Bonus Marchers

June 1932, the Bonus Expeditionary Force, also known
as the “Bonus Army”, marched on Washington, DC, to
advocate the passage of the “soldier’s bonus” for
service during World War 1. After Congress adjourned,
bonus marchers remained in the city and became unruly.
On July 28, 1932, two bonus marchers were shot by
police, causing the entire mob to become hostile and
riotous. The FBI, then known as the United States
Bureau of Investigation, checked its fingerprint records
to obtain the police records of individuals who had
been arrested during the riots or who had participated
in the bonus march.

from: FBI FOIA files
Part 1[PDF]

Part 2[PDF]

Part 3[PDF]

Federal finger print experts chieck [sic] identity of veterans seeking tickets home [image]


Barber, Lucy G. Marching on Washington : the forging of an American political tradition. 2002.

Dickson, Paul. The Bonus Army : an American epic; c2004.

Bartlett, John Henry. The bonus march and the new deal.[c1937]

Daniels, Roger. The Bonus March; an episode of the great depression. [1971]

Kleinholz, George. The battle of Washington, a national disgrace. The B. E. F. press, c1932.
Microfilm 24537 F

Lisio, Donald J. The President and protest; Hoover, conspiracy, and the Bonus Riot. [1974]

Lisio, Donald J. The President and protest : Hoover, MacArthur, and the Bonus Riot. c1994.

Meisel, Henry Otto. comp. Bonus expeditionary forces … 1932.
Microfilm 44128 F

Meisel, Henry Otto. Second “bonus army” 1933 … 1933.

Rawl, Michael. Anacostia Flats. 2006.

Waters, W. W. (Walter W.). B.E.F.; the whole story of the bonus army, by W. W. Waters as told to William C. White. [1970]
Notes: Reprint of the 1933 ed.

Weaver, John D. Another Such Victory. 1948. A novel of the Bonus Army.


Confrontation at Anacostia Flats:
The Bonus Army of 1932

Kendall D. Gott

THE LAND WARFARE PAPERS No. 63W April 2007[pdf]


Bonus Army Collection / Gift of Paul Dickson and Thomas B. Allen

Collection includes a wide variety of primary and secondary sources, including

BEF News, June – October 1932.

• June 25, 1932

• July 9, 1932

• July 16, 1932

• July 23, 1932

• July 30, 1932

• August 6, 1932

• August 13, 1932

• August 20, 1932

• August 27, 1932

• September 3, 1932

• September 10, 1932

• September 17, 1932

• September 24, 1932

• October 1, 1932

Archival Materials

Moseley, George Van Horn, 1874-1960. Papers of George Van Horn Moseley, 1855-1960 (bulk 1916-1959).

4,250 items.

48 containers plus 2 oversize.

19.8 linear feet.

Biographical/Historical Data: Army officer.

Summary: Correspondence, diary, military reports, statements, notes, speeches, scrapbooks, clippings, printed matter, and memorabilia covering Moseley’s military career in the Philippines, on the Mexican border, with the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, during the Bonus March on Washington, and extending into the period of his retirement. Includes a typescript (4 volumes) of his unpublished autobiographical narrative, One Soldier’s Journey, documenting his conservative views on such topics as immigration, labor unions, military preparedness, and international organizations and his opposition to communism and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies. Also includes material relating to Moseley’s testimony before the Dies committee on un-American activities in 1939.
Correspondents include Dwight D. Eisenhower, Walter F. George, James G. Harbord, Herbert Hoover, Douglas MacArthur, Joseph McCarthy, Robert R. McCormick, Joseph J. Pershing, John E. Rankin, B. Carroll Reece, Walter B. Smith, Joseph W. Stilwell, and Eugene Talmadge.
Notes: MSS33712

Finding Aids: Finding aid available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room.

Library of Congress

Glassford, Pelham Davis, 1883-1959
Glassford (Pelham D.) Papers

26 boxes (13 linear ft.)

1 oversize box

University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.

Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Pelham Davis Glassford (1883-1959) commanded the 103rd Field Artillery in the American Expeditionary Force in France during World War I and retired from the army in July 1931. He was appointed police chief of Washington, D.C. In May 1932, a group of unemployed veterans known as the Bonus Army converged on the capital, petitioning for immediate payment of certificates owed them by the federal government. Glassford reluctantly complied with President Hoover’s decision to evict the veterans from sections of the Federal Triangle area, and a policeman killed two veterans. Against Glassford’s advice, the President sent in army troops under the command of General Douglas MacArthur to disperse the veterans. On October 20, the district commissioners asked for and received Glassford’s resignation. The collection consists of correspondence, diary, printed material, official papers, photographs, books, magazines, and memorabilia. Includes material on the 1932 Bonus Army and the Imperial Valley (California) labor disputes of 1934.

Finding Aid


The March of the Bonus Army DVD

In 1932, in the darkest days of the Depression, unemployed World War I veterans marched on Washington, D.C. looking for an advance on the bonus compensation promised to them years earlier. After camping throughout Washington for two months, the veterans were driven out by force. By the time the clashes were over, two marchers and two children were dead, and the Bonus Army incident had become a political liability for President
Bonus army marches [Motion picture]

Filmrite Associates. Released by Official Films, 1960.

3 min., sd., b&w, 16 mm.

Notes: Greatest headlines of the century.

Includes footage from the Sherman Grinberg Film Libraries.

SUMMARY: Shows the major events of the Bonus March on Washington in the summer of 1932. Includes scenes of the demonstrations in the streets of Washington while the Bonus bill was being debated in Congress, the defeat of the bill, the peaceful return of many veterans to their homes, the dispersal of defiant marchers by troops under General Douglas MacArthur, and the clean-up activities at the encampment site.
CREDITS: Producer, Sherm Grinberg; narrator, Tom Hudson; writers, Allan Lurie, Ray Parker.

Library of Congress Images

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