Washington DC History Resources

Matthew B. Gilmore

What Once Was: Franklin Square: Park or Parking? Evolution of a Public Space


[1] “Believe Spring was Source of President’s Water Supply.” Evening Star March 2, 1928; John Clagett Proctor. “Gas Company Has Long History.” (Sunday) Evening Star June 15, 1941; John Clagett Proctor “History Unfolds in Old Port Royal Tract” (Sunday) Evening Star March 1, 1942; Garnett P. Williams. Washington, D.C.’s Vanishing Springs and Waterways. Geological Survey Circular 752, 1977, p. 5.

[2] Public Improvements in Washington, February 15, 1832, from Reports Of Committees of The House of Representatives at the First Session Of The Twenty-Second Congress, Begun and held At The City of Washington, December 7, 1831. 22d Congress, 1st Session, H. Rep. No. 291 and http://www.waterworkshistory.us/DC/Washington/

[3] https://matthewbgilmore.wordpress.com/district-of-columbia-population-history/ ; Harry C. Ways. The Washington Aqueduct, 1852-1992. [Baltimore, Md.?] : [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District], [1996?] p. 3, 5, 31; “History of the United States Capitol Building” https://www.aoc.gov/history-us-capitol-building

[4] Cultural Landscapes Inventory – Franklin Park – National Mall & Memorial Parks – L’Enfant Plan Reservations p.18, 2005, 2011; George J. Olszewski. Franklin Park Washington, D.C. U.S. Department Of The -Interior. Office Of History· And Historic Architecture Eastern Service Center, March 1970 p. 9.

[5] “The Sessford Annals.” Records of the Columbia Historical Society, v.11, p. 372; Hal H. Smith “Historic Washington Homes.” Records of the Columbia Historical Society, v.11, p.258-9.

[6] http://dcmemorialist.com/john-barry/;

[7] “Mid-City Citizens’ ask rider repeal.” Evening Star April 28, 1936; “Widening K Street, Franklin Square as Auto Park Planned” Washington Post; Aug 6, 1924 “District Downtown Storage Garage Is New Parking Plan.” Washington Post; August 8, 1924; Protests Kill Plan to Make Auto Park Of Franklin Square, Washington Post; Aug 7, 1924.

[8] “Letters to the the editor” Washington Post Aug 7, 1924.

[9] “Park conversion urged by Dirksen.” Evening Star April 15, 1936.

[10] Olszewski p. 33-35.

[11] “Car owners file many complaints on parking lots.” By James E. Chinn, Evening Star August 5, 1936; “Star Parking Plaza, Unique in Design, Opened to the Public.” Evening Star March 15, 1940.

[12] “Downtown Parking Ban Is Suggested” By Sam Zagoria. Washington Post November 25, 1949; “Upham Elected Chief of D.C. Parking Agency” Washington Post November 24, 1949.

[13] ‘Federal Land Suggested to Help Parking: Keneipp Predicts 200,000 Cars Will Be Registered in 1951.” Washington Post, July 21, 1950.

[14] Washington Post March 21, 1951.

[15] “Interior Gets Franklin Sq. Garage Plan.” Washington Post; Jul 30, 1952; “Shelve Park Garage Plan, Agency Asks.” Washington Post; November 15, 1952; “Plan for Garage Under Park Gets Approval of AAA.” Washington Post; Oct 13, 1952

[16] Charles Upham chaired the MVPA from 1949 to 1956—”Charles Upham Dies; Highway Engineer.” Washington Post, November 8, 1966.

[17] “Underground Lot Urged at Franklin Square” Washington Post, May 13, 1954; “Prentiss Wants Parking Rule.” Washington Post, Feb 25, 1953; “Underground Parking Proposal Is Revived.” Washington Post; January 27, 1955.

[18] To Scale: One Hundred Urban Plans By Eric J. Jenkins; https://twitter.com/uscapitol/status/971506052574384129; https://www.nationalmallcoalition.org/innovation/resilience-to-ensure-the-future/

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